Human rights are fundamental rights and freedoms such as freedom of expression or freedom of religion that should belong to every human being. They are laid out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was created by the UN in 1948 as well as in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.
EU Strategic Framework and the first Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy
EU Strategic Framework and the first Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy was adopted in 2012. The Framework sets out principles, objectives and priorities, aiming to improve the effectiveness and consistency of EU human rights and democracy policy as a whole. In July 2015, a second Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy was adopted, focusing on areas including empowering local actors and institutions, addressing violations and abuses in conflicts and crises, fighting discrimination, mainstreaming human rights and enhancing the effectiveness of tools and policies.